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Cell Towers

Cell Towers
Cell towers are harmful to humans, animals and plants.

The cell tower companies and contractors will tell you that cell towers are safe.  Not true.

Federal regulations protect the public only from the thermal (i.e., heating) risk due to short-term exposure to high intensity, cell tower radiation. The Federal regulations ignore the hundreds of studies that find harmful bio-effects from long-term exposure to non-thermal levels of radiation.

Source: Dr. Joel Moskowitz, Ph.D. List of resources on Scientific and Policy Developments on the health effects of electromagnetic radiation. Click here.
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2014 study by Gandhi et al titled "A cross-sectional case control study on genetic damage in individuals residing in the vicinity of a mobile phone base station"

Genetic damage parameters of DNA migration length, damage frequency (DF) and damage index were significantly elevated in the sample group compared to respective values in healthy controls. The female residents of the sample group had significantly elevated DF than the male residents. The linear regression analysis further revealed daily mobile phone usage, location of residence and power density as significant predictors of genetic damage. 

Click here.
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BioInitiative Working Group. 2012. BioInitiative Report: A Rationale for a Biologically-based Public Exposure Standards for Electromagnetic Radiation. Click here. To read the report, click here.

The range of possible health effects that are adverse with chronic exposures has broadened. The most serious health endpoints that have been reported to be associated with extremely low frequency (ELF) and/or radio frequency radiation (RFR) include childhood and adult leukemia, childhood and adult brain tumors, and increased risk of Alzheimer’s and amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS). In addition, there are reports of increased risk of breast cancer in both men and women, genotoxic effects, pathological leakage of the blood–brain barrier, altered immune function including increased allergic and inflammatory responses, miscarriage, and some cardiovascular effects. Insomnia is reported in studies of people living in very low-intensity RFR environments with Wi-Fi and cell tower-level exposures. Short-term effects on cognition, memory and learning, behavior, reaction time, attention and concentration, and altered brainwave activity (altered EEG) are also reported in the scientific literature.

Bioeffects are Clearly Established

Bioeffects are clearly established and occur at very low levels of exposure to electromagnetic fields and radiofrequency radiation. Bioeffects can occur in the first few minutes at levels associated with cell and cordless phone use. Bioeffects can also occur from just minutes of exposure to mobile phone masts (cell towers), WI-FI, and wireless utility ‘smart’ meters that produce whole-body exposure. Chronic base station level exposures can result in illness.
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2012 study by Eskander et al titled "How does long term exposure to base stations and mobile phones affect human hormone profiles?"

This study showed significant decrease in volunteers' ACTH, cortisol, thyroid hormones, prolactin for young females, and testosterone levels.

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2011 study by Yakymenko et al titled "Long-term exposure to microwave radiation provokes cancer growth: evidences from radars and mobile communication systems"

Even a year of operation of a powerful base transmitting station for mobile communication reportedly resulted in a dramatic increase of cancer incidence among population living nearby. In addition, model studies in rodents unveiled a significant increase in carcinogenesis after 17-24 months of MW exposure both in tumor-prone and intact animals. To that, such metabolic changes, as overproduction of reactive oxygen species, 8-hydroxi-2-deoxyguanosine formation, or ornithine decarboxylase activation under exposure to low intensity MW confirm a stress impact of this factor on living cells. 

We also address the issue of standards for assessment of biological effects of irradiation. It is now becoming increasingly evident that assessment of biological effects of non-ionizing radiation based on physical (thermal) approach used in recommendations of current regulatory bodies, including the International Commission on Non-Ionizing Radiation Protection (ICNIRP) Guidelines, requires urgent reevaluation. 

We conclude that recent data strongly point to the need for re-elaboration of the current safety limits for non-ionizing radiation using recently obtained knowledge. We also emphasize that the everyday exposure of both occupational and general public to MW radiation should be regulated based on a precautionary principles which imply maximum restriction of excessive exposure.

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2016 study by Singh et al titled "Effect of electromagnetic radiations from mobile phone base stations on general health and salivary function"

It was unveiled that a majority of the subjects who were residing near the mobile base station complained of sleep disturbances, headache, dizziness, irritability, concentration difficulties, and hypertension. 

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2016 study by Waldmann-Selsman et al titled "Radiofrequency radiation injures trees around mobile phone base stations"

We selected 60 damaged trees, in addition to 30 randomly selected trees and 30 trees in low radiation areas. The measurements of all trees revealed significant differences between the damaged side facing a phone mast and the opposite side, as well as differences between the exposed side of damaged trees and all other groups of trees in both sides. Thus, we found that side differences in measured values of power flux density corresponded to side differences in damage. The 30 selected trees in low radiation areas (no visual contact to any phone mast and power flux density under 50μW/m2) showed no damage. Statistical analysis demonstrated that electromagnetic radiation from mobile phone masts is harmful for trees. These results are consistent with the fact that damage afflicted on trees by mobile phone towers usually start on one side, extending to the whole tree over time.

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2014 article about the Department of Interior concerns regarding the effects of cell tower radiation on wildlife

The Director of the Office of Environmental Policy and Compliance of the United States Department of the Interior sent a letter to the National Telecommunications and Information Administration in the Department of Commerce which addresses the Interior Department's concern that cell tower radiation has had negative impacts on the health of migratory birds and other wildlife. 

The Interior Department accused the Federal government of employing outdated radiation standards set by the Federal Communications Commission (FCC), a federal agency with no expertise in health. The standards are no longer applicable because they control only for overheating and do not protect organisms from the adverse effects of exposure to the low-intensity radiation produced by cell phones and cell towers:

"the electromagnetic radiation standards used by the Federal Communications Commission (FCC) continue to be based on thermal heating, a criterion now nearly 30 years out of date and inapplicable today." 

Radiation studies at cellular communication towers were begun circa 2000 in Europe and continue today on wild nesting birds. Study results have documented nest and site abandonment, plumage deterioration, locomotion problems, reduced survivorship, and death (e.g., Balmori 2005, Balmori and Hallberg 2007, and Everaert and Bauwens 2007).

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Cell towers are harmful to adults and children

Cell towers are harmful to humans, animals and plants


Report from the Naval Medical Research Institute

Barry Trower, a retired British Secret Service Microwave Weapons specialist and world-renowned expert in this field, summed it up:

By 1971, we knew everything that needed to be known (about RF radiation).

He is referring to a 1971 report from the Naval Medical Research Institute (NMRI) that focused on the health effects of RF radiation. The NMRI report included references to more than 2,300 published research papers on the biological responses to radiofrequency and microwave radiation. 

Here is a partial list of health effects from the report:

• Heating of organs (skin, bone, genitalia, brain, sinuses, metal implants)
 
• Changes in physiologic function (muscle contraction, alteration of diameter of blood vessels, changes in oxidative processes, liver enlargement, decreased sperm, altered menstrual activity and fetal development, decreased lactation, increased electrical resistance of skin, altered blood flow rate, EKG changes, sensitivity to light, sound and olfactory stimuli, changes in the eyes, necrosis, hemorrhage in lungs, liver, gut and brain, degeneration of body tissue, loss of anatomical parts, dehydration, death)

• Central nervous system (headaches, insomnia, restlessness, EEG changes, cranial nerve disorders, vagomimetic action of the heart, seizures, convulsions)

• Autonomic nervous system (fatigue, neuro-vegetative disorders, structural alterations in the synapses of the vagus nerve, inhibition of the sympathetic nervous system)

• Peripheral nervous system (effects on locomotor nerves)

• Psychological disorders (depression, impotence, anxiety, lack of concentration, dizziness, insomnia, loss of memory, chest pain, tremor of the hands)

• Behavioral changes (reflexive, operant, avoidance and discrimination behaviors)

• Blood disorders (changes in blood, bone marrow, hemolysis, sedimentation rate, blood glucose concentration, cholesterol and lipids, number of eosinophils, albumin/globulin ratio)

• Vascular disorders (thrombosis, hypertension)

• Histological changes (changes in tubular epithelium of testicles, gross changes)

• Enzyme and other biochemical changes (changes in activity of cholinesterase, phosphatase, transaminase and amylase, protein denaturation; toxin, fungus and virus inactivation; tissue cultures killed, alteration in rate of cell division, increase concentration of RNA in lymphocytes and decreased concentration in brain, liver and spleen)

• Metabolic disorders (sugar in urine, increase in urinary phenol, alteration of rate of metabolic enzymatic processes)

• Gastro-intestinal disorders (anorexia, loss of appetite, epigastric pain, constipation, altered secretion of stomach digestive juices)

• Endocrine gland changes (altered pituitary function, hyperthyroidism, thyroid enlargement, increased uptake of radioactive iodine by thyroid gland, altered adrenal cortex activity, decreased corticosteroids in blood, hypogonadism)

• Genetic and chromosomal changes (chromosome aberrations, mutations, mongolism, somatic alterations, tumors)

• Pearl chain effect (intracellular orientation of subcellular particles and orientation of cellular and other non-biologic particles)

• Miscellaneous effects (sparking between dental fillings; metallic taste in mouth; changes in optical activity; loss of hair; brittleness of hair; sensations of buzzing, vibrations, pulsations about the head and ears; copious perspiration, salivation and protrusion of tongue; changes in the operation of implanted cardiac pacemakers; changes in circadian rhythms)

To read the report, click here.

In 2003, R. Santini, et al in Rennes, France conducted a study in which they found that people living within 300 meters of cell antennas reported the following disorders: 

"fatigue, sleep disturbances, headaches, difficulty concentrating, depression, memory loss, visual disruptions, irritability, hearing disruptions, skin problems, cardiovascular disorder and dizziness"

To read the report, click here.

In the same year, E.A. Navarro in Valencia, Spain conducted a study in which he concluded that exposed individuals that lived within 50-150 meters of the base station…experience more headaches, sleep disturbances, irritability, difficulty concentration, appetite loss and dizziness.

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In 2007, British researcher, Dr. John Walker compiled a series of cluster studies on the effects of cell tower radiation. 

Studies showed high incidences of cancer, brain hemorrhages and high blood pressure within a radius of 400 yards of mobile phone masts.

Source: Earth Calm website. Article on health effects of cell towers. Click here to read the article.
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