From a 1989 U.S. EPA Report for Congress on Indoor Air Pollution
U.S. EPA Report for Congress on Indoor Air Quality. Volume II: Assessment and Control of Indoor Air Pollution
Health effects from indoor air pollution cover the range of acute and chronic effects, and include eye, nose, and throat irritation, respiratory effects, neurotoxicity, kidney and liver effects, heart functions, allergic and infectious diseases, developmental effects, mutagenicity, and carcinogenicity.
From a report on the neurotoxic effects of toxigenic mold and mycotoxins:
Exposure to mycotoxins may occur via enteric, inhalation, or direct contact to skin and mucosa. Acute and chronic disorders, irritation, systemic reactions and even cancer may develop after the exposure to these toxins.
Symptoms include respiratory complaints that involve the nose and lungs; eye symptoms, and mucous membrane irritation. The major presentations are headache, general debilitating pains, nose bleeding, fevers with body temperatures up to 40 degrees C (104 degrees F), cough, memory loss, depression, mood swings, sleep disturbances, anxiety, chronic fatigue, vertigo/dizziness, and in some cases, seizures.
Mycotic demyelinating optic neuritis is a neurological disorder of the visual system caused by mycotoxins released by indoor toxic molds.
Other neurobehavioral manifestations in the mold-exposed individuals are abnormal decrease in steady balance, reaction time, blink-reflex latency, color discrimination, visual fields, and grip, compared to control. Hence, most exposed patients have reduced cognitive functioning in multiple domains, with memory and executive functions the most commonly affected areas.